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Municipal Response to COVID-19 for Sustainable Urban Development in Southeast Europe and Caucasus


Elena Darjania, Nina Janashia, Sophia Todua


Connective Cities


The COVID-19 pandemic tested the robustness and resourcefulness of mostly all municipal services, from transportation and waste management to recreation and communication, pushing cities to reinvent new ways to serve their citizens. Besides, pandemic-centered protocols set new behavioral patterns - many of which were quite stressful for urban economies. Others, on the contrary, made both city leaders and citizens rethink the status-quo regarding sustainability and resilience. They created the opportunity for a green and circular economy to determine the mood of the recovery. Thus, a deep and better understanding of a city’s systems and operation is required in order to move towards sustainable development and greater resilience. If cities manage to learn from the COVID-19 crisis and proactively apply long-term prevention and risk reduction approaches, they will meet future emergencies better prepared or avoid some of them.

The following report summarizes the study on municipal response to COVID-19 pandemic. The study was conducted in September 2020, more than half a year after the global emergency was announced. It covers cities of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine.


COVID-19 Connective Cities Good Urban Governance crisis management Public health Smart Cities / Digitalisation Municipal services Solid waste management and recycling Urban mobility and public transport Water supply / sewage Local economic development Green Urban Economy


   Europe  Aserbaidschan  Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe  Albania  Belarus  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Georgia  Kosovo  Moldova  Monte Negro  North Macedonia  Serbia  Ukraine



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