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Towards the Just City in Kenya


Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Kenya Office


Friedrich Ebert Stiftung


In the next 25 years, Africa’s urban population is set to double. By 2040, the majority of Africans will be living in cities. There are numerous reasons for this: climate change, violent conflicts and the hope of finding work or education, although this list could easily be extended. Urbanisation thus constitutes one of the greatest transformations facing Africa in the 21st century.

Despite the diversity of the African continent, however, they are so far mostly “unjust” cities that people are moving to. The majority live in informal settlements and work under precarious conditions, mostly in the informal sector, without employment contracts and social security.

Towards the Just City in Kenya is the first publication of its kind that explores the conceptualisation and application of the “just city” concept in Kenya. The authors explore the concept from various dimensions, namely:

  • Conceptualisation of the just city in Kenya.
  • Locating the just city in the constitutional, policy, legislative and institutional context.
  • Discussion of spatial justice in the context of planning and housing; and
  • Interrogating practical ways in which cities express injustice and how these can be practically addressed, with examples from the public transport sector.

The study offers recommendations on how the just city concept can be realised in Kenya, looking specifically at urban institutions, citizens’ rights, housing policies and urban public transport systems.

With its just city project, FES Kenya and its partners facilitate dialogues through working groups which bring together civil society, trade unions, Members of County Assemblies, Government representatives, and academia working in urban centres of Kenya with the objective to jointly work for a just city.



Good Urban Governance Demokratie und Bürgerbeteiligung Integrierte Stadtentwicklung Partizipation und Stadtplanung Soziale Stadt Öffentlicher Nahverkehr und Mobilität Lokale Wirtschaftsentwicklung KMU-Förderung


   Afrika  Kenia






Friedrich Ebert Stiftung

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